Aim In the junior cycle specifications for Irish, students consolidate and deepen their understanding of Irish. Students are enabled to communicate in an effective, interactive, confident manner in formal and informal settings in the language community. The fostering and development of awareness is emphasised; language awareness and cultural awareness as well as students’ self-awareness as language learners. Junior Cycle Irish seeks to consolidate and develop the skills students bring to post-primary school. Students are empowered to assume ownership of their own learning; an important life skill. Students are encouraged to use language effectively and confidently, both personally and in communicating with other users in the language community use the Irish language in a variety of contexts in the language community enrich their Irish and speak and write it confidently and accurately enjoy creative and innovative communication in Irish express themselves through consolidation of their literacy skills explore and create a wide range of texts in various ways, for learning, research, and recreation have an appreciation and respect for literature in Irish so that they may enjoy literature and benefit from it gain a better understanding of Irish culture and have respect and understanding for other cultures and languages.