From guidelines to learning programmes These guidelines have been developed in collaboration with schools that have developed expertise and innovative practice based on their experience of what is appropriate and what works for the students in question. They are intended for use by all teachers and should also be accessible to a range of other personnel directly involved with the education of the student. These include parents/guardians, special needs assistants (SNAs), therapists, management staff, guidance counsellors and other relevant professionals. The students in question participate in a range of settings: in various types of classes and groups in special schools, and in special classes in post-primary schools. One of the key ideas about learning programmes is that they should achieve as feasible a balance as possible between students encountering broad experiences and addressing their specific needs.