Expectations for students
Expectations for students is an umbrella term that links learning outcomes with annotated examples of student work in the subject specification. When teachers, students or parents looking at the online specification scroll over the learning outcomes, a link will sometimes be available to examples of work associated with a specific learning outcome or with a group of learning outcomes. The examples of student work will have been selected to illustrate expectations and will have been annotated by teachers and will be made available alongside this specification. The examples will include work that is:
 exceptional
 above expectations
 in line with expectations.
The purpose of the examples of student work is to show the extent to which the learning outcomes are being realised in actual cases.
Learning outcomes
Learning outcomes are statements that describe what knowledge, understanding, skills and values students should be able to demonstrate having studied mathematics in junior cycle. Junior cycle mathematics is offered at Ordinary and Higher level. The majority of the learning outcomes set out in the following tables apply to all students. Additional learning outcomes for those students who take the Higherlevel mathematics examination are highlighted in bold. As set out here the learning outcomes represent outcomes for students at the end of their three years of study. The specification stresses that the learning outcomes are for three years and therefore the learning outcomes focused on at a point in time will not have been ‘completed’, but will continue to support students’ learning of mathematics up to the end of junior cycle.
The outcomes are numbered within each strand. The numbering is intended to support teacher planning in the first instance and does not imply any hierarchy of importance across the outcomes themselves. The examples of student work linked to learning outcomes will offer commentary and insights that support different standards of student work.
Appendix A: Glossary of terms
Appendix B: Geometry for PostPrimary Schools
Student learns about  Students should be able to 

1 Building blocks 

Student learns about  Students should be able to 

2 Representation 

Student learns about  Students should be able to 

3 Connections 

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4 Problem solving 

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5 Generalisation and proof 

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6 Communication 

Student learns about  Students should be able to 

1 representing numbers and arithmetic operations 

Student learns about  Students should be able to 

2 equivalent representations of rational numbers 

Student learns about  Students should be able to 

3 situations involving proportionality 

Student learns about  Students should be able to 

4 analysing numerical patterns 

Student learns about  Students should be able to 

5 sets 

Student learns about  Students should be able to 

1 units of measure and time 

Student learns about  Students should be able to 

2 2D shapes and 3D solids 

Student learns about  Students should be able to 

3 geometrical proof
Access Geometry for PostPrimary Schools here. 

Student learns about  Students should be able to 

4 trigonometric ratios 

Student learns about  Students should be able to 

5 The coordinate plane 

Student learns about  Students should be able to 

6 Transformations 

Student learns about  Students should be able to 

1 Patterns and relationships 

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2 Algebraic expressions 

Student learns about  Students should be able to 

3 Operating on algebraic equations 

Student learns about  Students should be able to 

4 Solving algebraic equations 

Student learns about  Students should be able to 

5 Generating quadratic equations 

Student learns about  Students should be able to 

6 Changing the subject of a formula 

Student learns about  Students should be able to 

7 Functions 

Student learns about  Students should be able to 

1 Chance experiments 

Student learns about  Students should be able to 

2 Random events 

Student learns about  Students should be able to 

3 Statistical investigations 
